The Cleft

Please take a look at my latest post in The Islamic Renaissance Magazine:

http://www.islamicrenaissance.com/the-cleft/

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Why Would a Muslim Meditate?

The Importance of “Muslim Mindfulness”

The Quran is “The Reminder.” Our leader, the Prophet Muhammad, (A.W.A.S.), was sent to deliver a message. That message is “The Reminder.”

Of what are we being reminded? Allah says in His Holy Quran, “Remember Me and I will remember you” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:152). So, we are being reminded of Allah. But what does this mean– to be “reminded?”

To “re-mind” is to bring-back-to-mind. However, due to Allah being The Absolute Truth, He is primary. Therefore, rather than saying “bring-back-to-mind,” it is more appropriate and perfect to say, “bring-the-mind-back” to Allah. After all, The Holy Quran tells us, “We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:156).

This message delivered by the Holy Prophet, (A.W.A.S.), and the very purpose of revelation, is to bring our minds– indeed even our very souls– back to Allah!

What happens to the mind at this moment of encounter; when we return to the Presence of God?

The normal activity of the un-awakened mind in this world serves to veil our awareness of the Truth. However, the closer we come to Allah’s Divine Presence, the more our mind submits, becoming quiet. This allows for Allah to disclose Himself to the awareness of our still, awaiting hearts.

Recognizing in all humility that our finite mind can never fully realize the infinity of Allah we, nevertheless, inquire as to His nature and attributes. Our very profession of faith tells us, “La illaha illa’llah,” there is none to adore but the One to adore.

Of Allah’s many names depicting His unlimited attributes is Al-Khabir, The All-Aware. This could also be stated in the form of a testimony, “The One we are aware of is the One who is aware of, there is none aware, but He!”

So, our Prophet, (A.W.A.S.), is bringing a message to remind us to be aware of the One who is aware of us. Indeed, He is aware of everything in the heavens and the earth! He is Awareness Himself! And, we are to be aware of His Awareness– ever mindful– conscious of Allah as the only One to adore.

Why is this so important to Allah? The answer is really quite simple, and yet incredibly profound. God wants us to be aware of Him— our very source of awareness— in all His Majesty and Glory, simply because HE LOVES US!

Being All-Knowing, Allah is Ever-Aware of how we are created, formed, and fashioned– and to what purpose. We were created to worship Him (Surat -Dhariyat 51:56); to adore Allah. When we are aware of who He is we cannot help but fall down in prostrate adoration! He alone is adorable; which is to say, He is the only one worthy of worship.

Because we are made for such recognition through re-awakening our awareness, Allah knows there is no other way for us to be satisfied. Without an awareness of this awareness there is no possibility of peace or contentment—no hope of happiness.

To try to please a soul without Awareness of Allah is analogous to trying to please a fish without providing water. The only source of satisfaction for the fish is to be immersed in water. Likewise, there is no pleasure for the soul, except that he be immersed in the Awareness of Allah!

Ridwan’llah is the Pleasure of Allah. Our whole point and purpose of existence is to please God. It pleases Him when we remember Him. Meditation is one of the best ways to do this.

So, why would a Muslim meditate? Simply because, it is one of the best ways to please Allah!

How is a Muslim to Meditate?

Now that we can clearly see that it pleases Allah for us to remember Him through meditative practices, the question beckons, how is a Muslim to meditate?

As in all things we follow our Prophet Muhammed, (A.W.A.S.), who is the perfect example of how to be a Muslim in all circumstances. Let us take a closer look at how he received guidance.

When the Revelation of The Quran came to Muhammed, (A.W.A.S.), he had gone into seclusion. He got alone. So, we can initiate our practice by following his example. We find a quiet place to be alone.

The next thing we know is that the Prophet heard. To hear requires us to be listening; so, we get still and quiet. We simply remain in this awareness, waiting for Allah to reveal Himself to us, as He revealed Himself to Muhammed, (A.W.A.S.). We bow the mind and all its seemingly incessant activity to the Presence of Allah. In Islam we call this type of observance Muraqaba. It simply means to sit still in quiet observation.

Since we do not find ourselves elevated to the status of prophethood, we may want to prime our hearts and help to still our minds by calling upon our Lord, BEFORE attempting to enter into His Presence with Muraquba. We do this with a practice known as Tasbeh.

Tasbeh involves repeating various names of God, or phases of Truth. This is done in order to associate with and surrender to Allah in all His attributes. And, while this is usually done with the aid of beads, or counting on the fingers, there are no hard and fast rules. The Quran reminds us of the crucial activity when it says, “Call upon Me and I will respond to you!” Only those who are too proud would reject such an invitation (Surah Al-Ghfir, 40:60).

Are these the only ways we are reminded? No. In fact, all of Islam is a reminder to submit our own self-centered will to Allah. Our prayers five times daily are periods of reminding. These practices of meditation prepare the heart and mind for such blessed conscious connections. As we engage in Muraqaba, such periods of stillness are likely to calm our minds and raise our awareness. This allows us to develop a much deeper appreciation of one or many of the various aspects of Al-Haqq, The Truth.

If, during Muraqaba we are reminded of a particularly profound Truth, we can then further our meditative practice with Tafakhur (continuous contemplation). When this contemplation is directed towards the character of those who live this truth, such as the Prophet, the Companions, or our own teachers, this form of communion becomes known as Murabita.
 

Conclusion

 

In conclusion, a Muslim will meditate when s/he understands remembering Allah is what provides the power to surrender. Calling upon the Divine Names and attributes of Allah pleases Him. Thus, He is quick to respond to those who call upon Him. The response of His Presence brings a peace to calm the restless mind. When the mind is calm, one can see more clearly through the veil with the awareness of the heart.

When one looks in this way one is able to dive deeper into the contemplative depths of Allah and His associates. This practice then further empowers the process of surrender, allowing the practitioner to attain higher and higher degrees of appreciation for Allah’s Divine Majesty and Transcendent Glory.

With all this being said, perhaps we have been asking the wrong question. The question is not, “Why Would a Muslim Meditate?” The question is why would s/he NOT?

–By 12SteppinSufi

Quranic Writings (Beginning Surah #20 – TaHa)

Surah #20 – TaHa

We begin in the Precious and Pleasurable Presence

Of

The One Aware Alone, Loving and Kind

We have not sent this Reminder to cause you distress,

But only to awaken those who value God Alone.

Gradually is it revealed from the One,

Creator of the high heavens and the whole earth,

Owner of Mercy, and Established Presence of the Almighty Throne.

Presence of the heavens, and all the earth,

as well as what is between them and what is beneath,

All this and more belong to God Alone.

Whether you speak loudly or quietly, He hears all.

He even knows your secrets, and what is even more hidden than that.

There is none Aware, but the One Aware, to Him belong the most excellent names.

The Beloved’s Compassion

1) Out of Boundless Compassion,

2) The Beloved Reminds,

3) Creating humankind,

4) And teaching His Words,

[The Words that God teaches embody The Straight Way to His Pleasure and Tranquility– both here and now, as well as hereafter. By pleasing Him we know His Pleasure. Thus, we value knowledge of Him and what He loves. In this way God Reminds us of what He favors, and how to experience His favor. This chapter will repeatedly ask us, which of His favors would we deny? By acknowledging that all appreciation and thanks belong to God alone, we deny none of His favor. Hence, His Words– and the ability taught to human beings to use such words to reason, understand, and share such understanding with one another– are among the greatest favors of God. As such, it evidences His nature as One of Unbounded Compassion!]

5) [Like] The Sun, [representing our comprehension], and the Moon, [indicating our various moods]; measured by design.

[Because this Reminder is full of knowledge, it can be taught and learned. It’s knowledge exists in measured degrees, and can be known according to the capacities of the learners, with their varying degrees of sincerity, purity, and submission. To “know” with reason is one level. The knowledge of the heart, (and it’s accompanying loving yearnings), represent another. Even within each of these categories are multiple degrees.]

6) From the creepers to the trees, all in submissiveness are entwined.

7) And He set the Heavens high [a symbol of consciousness and it’s potential], with justice as the balance [between unity and multiplicity],

[From the animal appetites on the physical plane, to the accusing-self (i.e., the mental platform of duality), to the self that pleases God, all are balanced by the scales of justice. Most humans experience all three of these phases of consciousness, in greater or lesser degrees. The animal mind has virtually no knowledge. Hence, it suffers very few consequences. The accusing-self, on the other hand, recognizes the duality of multiplicity, but fails to harmonize into the unity of the reality. Subsequently, it is the phase of greatest suffering. However, even this suffering is a mercy, as it ideally and eventually leads to the self-realization of pleasing God; which is the highest of heavenly aspirations, or the supreme consciousness available to humankind. However, the transcendence of this awareness must be balanced in this realm of creation with the immanence of form– establishing unity within the appearance of multiplicity.]

8) So that you may not exceed the limits of the balance.

[This balance is set for us to practice the middle way of harmony between the unity of the Transcendent and the diversity immanent in the world of form. To “exceed the limits of the balance” is simply to deviate, or go beyond the boundaries of what is prescribed for existing in a quality of peace and true happiness, or even bliss. This is generally done by misuse or over-indulgence in the principle human drives of reason, lust and anger. Such error, or wrongdoing, darkens the naturally loving heart of the individual. If one persists in such a covering of darkness, eventually the faculties of “seeing,” (as in perceiving), and “hearing,” (with clarity of understanding), can be completely lost. In this way one wrongs one’s own soul by transgressing these limits.]

9) And moderate the balance with equanimity; causing no loss or diminution.

[The importance of “the balance” is emphasized by it being mentioned in three consecutive verses. This balance applies across all creation as well as the relationships among it’s many parts, including human beings. For humankind this balance is important both individually and collectively. The collective remains balanced by the enforcement of justice. Individually, the acceptance and application of mercy keep one in harmony. Of course, both justice and mercy apply to each category. However, the emphasis changes based on personal and social considerations.

Reason serves to balance the appetites of the animal mind, as well as the frustrations of the accusing self. However, reason also requires balance. Left unchecked reason itself degenerates into arrogance and deceit. However, a failure to reason results in stupidity and foolishness. The middle-way is to moderate the intellect with discipline. This facilitates the acquisition of useful knowledge, which matures into wisdom. Such wisdom is then brought to bear on the lustful appetites of the animal mind, setting bounds to curb it’s wanton lust, while avoiding degenerative apathy. When applied to the accusing self, such wisdom only allows correction leading to asserting the way of surrender, which culminates in God’s Pleasure. Living under such a harmonious governance brings a life of peace and virtue, richly invested with meaning and purpose.]

10) And the earth he has spread for all living entities.

11) Therein are delightful coverings from which to choose.

12) And they love these husks; though perishable, quickened as they are by My Spirit.

13) So, which of the favors of your Provider will you deny?

The 12SteppinSufi on Christianity: The Blessedness of the Peacemakers

12 Steppin’ Sufi

I am writing this article with a mind to appeal to my Christian family and friends.

Anyone who is actually a friend or family member of mine would almost certainly be aware of my 12-Step affiliation. Suffice it to say that, were it not for these types of programs I would likely not be here interacting with you today. These programs and my active participation in them saved my life!

That being the case, I would not accept anyone’s point of view who attempted to come between me and my freedom to take part in this “life-giving” community.

And what is of more value, the life of this world, or one’s spiritual life? So, you can surely understand why I have even less acceptance of someone attempting to take away my freedom to plot my own spiritual course. Yet, that is exactly what I feel like some religionists are inclined to do.

Make no mistake, during my life I have been greatly benefitted by Christianity, as well as other institutional religions. I have also made extensive use of 12-Step programs, which have helped me to develop a faith personal to me. However, it was the openness of the 12-Step philosophy that has been most helpful in facilitating an unhampered expression and fulfillment of my practical day-to-day spiritual affairs. While the Church, with rare exception, functioned primarily as a place for formal family worship and bonding.

Over the years I found little objection to being identified with Christianity, although I never liked the classic intolerance of other faiths.

Despite my divergent path, I never felt I left or betrayed the core of Christ’s teachings. To the contrary, I expanded and deepened my understanding; albeit, often far beyond the orthodox “party-line!”

I will admit, simply saying “I am Christian” often seemed to leave out more than it described. However, it was not a complete misnomer. After all, as a teenager I had sincerely accepted and been baptized into formal Christianity. I had even practiced it in the most orthodox of ways for some time. And even though I left its formal practice as my exclusive source of divine inspiration some time ago, I never divorced myself from what I consider its core message.

Of course, as in any Faith, there are those who are more attached to particular forms and sectarian doctrines. Those who by “Christian” only mean that one pledges allegiance to their particular religion, club or creed– and subsequently, knowingly or unknowingly filters their thinking or views accordingly. This never really appealed to me.

What does appeal to me is having better access to deeper understanding and meaning. The further I travel on this spiritual journey, the more important this depth becomes.

I find “Sufism” to be one of the most effective ways to get to these deeper aspects of the soul.

At this point, if a friend or family member were to ask, “What do you mean by ‘Sufi?’ You’re still a Christian, aren’t you?” I would want to be very clear in addressing this.

What is being asked of me? Do I “believe in” Jesus Christ? Or, am I being asked if I am a member of the religious institution of Christianity? Most would agree these are very different questions.

I do believe in Jesus Christ—and more literally than anybody I know. I believe “Jesus” is the “Word of God.”

But, just what exactly, do I mean by this? “Jesus” is a word. It is a name; but first it is a word. This word is from God. Well, what is God saying with this word? What does “Jesus” mean?

Jesus, (or, more precisely the actual Aramaic name “Isa”), literally means “GOD ALONE IS OUR SALVATION!” Even the Greek translations, (Greek being considered the “official” language of New Testament manuscripts), give it this meaning, or one very similar. [In case you are unfamiliar Jesus, or Isa taught in Aramaic. However, his teachings were recorded and preserved for posterity in Greek.] So, this name of Jesus meaning “GOD ALONE IS OUR SALVATION“ is exactly what I believe. It is that in which I have always believed. This word from God.

My salvation is not in a Church, nor a creed, nor a religion, ritual or formula. It doesn’t come from what I say, or what I do. It is a gift from God that I have accepted by faith. I believe in God alone, and that only He saves. I testify to this.

Nobody else gets to tread on this sacred ground. Not a priest, minister or rabbi; nor apostle, guru, monk, sheikh or imam. Nobody. It is a sacred trust between me and God. It does not require, nor tolerate any intermediaries. You may not like it. You may not agree with it. And, I’m not asking you to. But I believe in this Word of God, “Jesus.”

When I say I believe, I understand that “Jesus” means, “GOD ALONE IS OUR SALVATION!” And that is what I believe.

You may or may not be aware that this testimony is not exclusive to Christianity. In fact, it is also the beginning of surrender in Islam. In Arabic it is, “la illaha illalaah!” Loosely translated, this means “There is none to save us but the One who saves us– God alone.”

I mention Islam because, simply stated, Sufism is Islamic Mysticism.

And whether it be Christian, Jewish or Islamic Mysticism, Mysticism does what I just did with the “Word of God,” and the name of “Jesus.” It emphasizes contemplating the depth of internal meaning.

This is the Way to Truth, that gives Life. There is no other way to get beyond this world of form. Hence, Jesus was speaking as a mystic when he taught, “I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life!”

The Kingdom of God is within us. This is beautifully illustrated when Jesus himself answered the religionists of his day, who were inquiring about the “Kingdom of God.” Forgive, if you will, the lengthy quote, but it is best read in context:

“And when the Pharisees had demanded of Him when the Kingdom of God should come, He answered them and said, “The Kingdom of God cometh not with outward show. Neither shall they say, ‘Lo, it is here!’ or ‘Lo, it is there!’ For behold, the Kingdom of God is within you.”
Luke 17:20-21

The secret to knowing this, to making it a reality of your experience, is in stilling the rampant opinions and ceaseless accusations of the false, egoic-mind. If we will be still, we will know.

“be still and know that i am god”—Psalm 46:10

Like Jesus, as with all true Prophets and Messengers from God, Islam’s revelation is also mostly misunderstood.

Islam literally means “Peace.” More specifically, Islam means to find peace through surrendering to God alone. Hence, the objections of most Muslims to being identified with such terrorist groups as Isis or Al-Qaida.

But, even in comparison to other Muslims, Sufis in particular are especially attached to a more loving and kind way of peacefulness— a way, in fact, known as “The Way of the Heart.”

A Sufi is one who surrenders to the Peace of stillness found within—both, within words, and especially within oneself.

You may already have some familiarity with Sufism. The poet, Rumi, was a Sufi. Perhaps you are not aware of Rumi, or his writings. However, I read somewhere that he is now considered the most popular poet in America.

So, Sufism is a form of mysticism. A “mystic” is one who believes that not all knowledge can be obtained intellectually. Some knowledge is only available through realization, or spiritual apprehension. This type of knowledge evades the investigation of the intellectual, egoic-mind. However, it may be directly apprehended through contemplation and self-surrender.

There are many ways to slow the intellectually inquiring mind, so that one can see with unobstructed clarity. Meditation is one such way.

Sufism has a rich tradition of meditation. Sufis are known for their chanting, usually revolving around the names of God, or spiritual truths such as la illaha illalaah. In addition to this chanting, Sufis also engage in observational meditation, or just watching the mind or breath. Contemplative meditation is also done; as is meditating on the ways of those in the prophetic tradition who have mastered these truths.

Mystics, such as Sufis, are present in most spiritual traditions; although due to reasons related to a variety of historical and political developments, they seem to be virtually absent from Orthodox Protestant Christianity. So, for one raised Protestant, (in other words, for one like me), to access these deeper levels of meaning looking to other traditions is almost a necessity. Even the commanded phrase, “Be still and know that I am God,” has virtually no practical application to most Protestant’s lives!

So, I suppose it may appear to many Christians that I have wandered outside the camp. I can certainly understand anyone feeling I no longer qualify as a Christian, in the orthodox sense of the term. But, as they say in the 12-Step fellowships, “To thine own self be true.” I cannot both please your sentiments and obtain the holy comfort of an honest heart at the same time.

To put it another way, I don’t believe in your religion. Nor, do I wish to convince you of my religion. I only believe in our submission to the One Aware, God alone. So, you worship your way, and I’ll worship mine!

Jesus taught, “Blessed are the Peacemakers.” May we each find this peace deep within our own souls. Then, let us return to this external realm and freely distribute it’s fruits to all!

— 12SteppinSufi